New dating techniques smithsonian
The species' complicated anatomy and unexpected resilience raise a number of intriguing questions, they say: Was Naledi a result of, and perhaps a contributor to, hybridization within the Homo family tree?
Could Naledi be responsible for some of the stone tools found in South Africa during the period it was alive?
Radiocarbon dating: radioactive carbon decays to nitrogen with a half-life of 5730 years.
In dead material, the decayed 14C is not replaced and its concentration in the object decreases slowly.
“The past was a lot more complicated than we gave it credit for and our ancestors were a lot more resilient and lot more varied than we give them credit for,” said Susan Anton, a pnot the pinnacle of everything that happened in the past.
We just happen to be the thing that survived.” Rick Potts, director of the Human Origins Program at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, said finds like this should prompt people to discard the familiar image of a stooped chimp evolving into a modern human walking upright and carrying a briefcase.
Berger himself only ventured into the chamber once — he got stuck coming back out of the narrow entrance and decided not to push his luck again.
Yet, somehow, more than 130 hominin bones wound up in this dark and humid cavern hundreds of thousands of years ago.
Thermoluminescence dating: this method is associated with the effect of the high energy radiation emitted as a result of the decay or radioactive impurities., a strange new species of human cousin found in South Africa two years ago, was unlike anything scientists had ever seen.Discovered deep in the heart of a treacherous cave system — as if they'd been placed there deliberately — were 15 ancient skeletons that showed a confusing patchwork of features. But their brains were as small as a gorilla's, suggesting was incredibly primitive. Now, the scientists who uncovered Homo naledi have announced two new findings: They have determined a shockingly young age for the original remains, and they found a second cavern full of skeletons.we can never assume that what we have tells the whole story.” Berger and his colleagues report Naledi's age and the new chamber in two papers published Tuesday in the open-access journal e Life.In a third paper, they argue that Naledi must be a long-lasting lineage that arose 2 million years ago during the early days of the genus Homo and somehow survived long enough to coexist with modern humans, who emerged about 200,000 years ago.